We are honored to announce that Prof. Dr. Seza Özen who is the member of Honorary Advisory Board of JBACHS has already won the Aziz Sancar Science Award of TUSEB.
We are happy to announce that The Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences (JBACHS) is indexed by the Emerging Sources Citation Index since November 2017, and indexed by the Ulakbim-TR since 2017.
Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 2020 , Vol 4 , Issue 1
Addictions and Affective Neuroscience
Prof. Dr. Zubeyde Erbayraktar

Tobacco, alchol, and drug addiction rates increase both in Turkey and the world. As others, technology and gambling addictions give psycological, sociological and economic harm to individual, family, and society.

The number of studies regarding addiction has increased signifcantly. Especially, internet addiction has become a more important challange.

Estonian neuroscientist Jaak Pankseep (1943-2017) who is the founder of affective neuroscience had focused on the basis of addiction via his studies searching the basis of consciousness. He tried to find evidences of earlier devolepment of subcortical emotional systems compared to cortical cognitive systems and claimed that this process was under genetic control. Parallel to his fndings, Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) were formed and a novel neurodevelopmental approach to personality had started. According to this approach, personality developes by the effects of early life experiences on subcortical basic affective systems. Following studies have proved the realibity and validity of ANPS. Since culture specifc fndings are observed, intercultural affective neuroscience study area has started (1, 2).

Individual differences in affective tendencies have an important role on the management of diseases. In the studies regarding internet addiction, individual differences in ANPS have been evaluated for developing effective treatment approach and the efcacy of ANPS has been proved one more time (3).

As a new study area intercultural affective neuroscience aims searching the effect of culture on affective systems. Further studies are needed to be perfomed for evaluating the relation between cultures and addictions. Intercultural differences are expected to be related with the level of affective addiction, but neurobiologic molecular mechanisms of this relation should be studied in the future.

References

1. Özkarar-Gradwohl FG. Istanbul Neuropsychoanalysis Study Group. Bulletin of the international neuropsychoanalysis society. Neuropsychoanalysis 14, 122–123, 2012
2. Davis KL, Montag C Selected Principles of Pankseppian Affective Neuroscience. Front Neurosci. Jan 17;12:1025, 2019
3. Montag C, Sindermann C, Becker B, Panksepp J. An Affective Neuroscience Framework for the Molecular Study of Internet Addiction. Front Psychol. Dec 16;7:1906, 2016

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