Prof. Mehmet Haberal is presented with The Award of The Spanish Order of The Civil Merit (Cruz de Official) by His Majesty King Felipe VI, King of Spain.
We are honored to announce that Prof. Dr. Seza Özen who is the member of Honorary Advisory Board of JBACHS has already won the Aziz Sancar Science Award of TUSEB.
We are happy to announce that The Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences (JBACHS) is indexed by the Emerging Sources Citation Index since November 2017, and indexed by the Ulakbim-TR since 2017.
Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 2020 , Vol 4 , Issue 3
Comparing the Effect of Lecture and Practical Demonstration Methods on Hand Hygiene in Elementary Students
Hossein Ashtarian1,Fatemeh Shafiee2,Mehdi Khezeli3,Afshin Almasi4,Fatemeh Rajati5,Farahnaz Zare2
1Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2Students Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
DOI : 10.30621/jbachs.2020.1027 Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effect of lecture and demonstration on knowledge and performance of hand-washing in elementary students of Kermanshah in 2018.

Methods: This experimental study was conducted in 2018 with 90 students of fourth grade elementary school in Kermanshah, Iran. Students were randomly divided into three groups including demonstration education, lecture education and a control group. Data were collected using a checklist of hand-washing performance and a researcher-made questionnaire for measuring knowledge. The intervention was conducted in three sessions for both education groups. Data analysed with SPSS 22.0, using one-way ANOVA, and Repeated Measures tests.

Results: The mean age of students was 9.3±0.4 years. There were no significant differences between knowledge and performance of handwashing in three groups before educational intervention. Mean scores of knowledge and performance immediately after, and one month after intervention was higher in two education groups than control group (p<0.001). There was no significant difference in mean changes of knowledge between two groups; before and immediately after the intervention (p=0.631), and before and one month after the intervention (p=0.149). There was also no significant difference between the performance scores; immediately after compared to before intervention in two groups (p=0.089), but one month after intervention, the changes in performance scores was significantly higher in demonstration group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: This study showed that lectures and demonstrations are effective ways to increase students" knowledge in the field of hand hygiene. Also this study suggests that practical demonstration method for teaching hand wash behaviour is more effective than lecture methods in children. Keywords : demonstration, hand hygiene, hand-washing, lecture