Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 2017 , Vol 1 , Issue 3
Evaluation of Service Capacity of a Regional Drug and Poison Information Center: Analysis of Data in 2014
Burç Aydın1,Mehmet Nuri Yurtman1,Ayşe Pelin Kurtoğlu1,Engin Yıldıztepe2,Nil Hocaoğlu3,Yeşim Tunçok3,Şule Kalkan3
1Department of Pharmacology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
2Department of Statistics, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Arts and Sciences, İzmir, Tur
3Division of Clinical Toxicology, Department of Pharmacology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
DOI : 10.5152/jbachs.2017.199 Purpose: The Dokuz Eylül University Drug and Poison Information Center (DEUDPIC) has been serviced 24 hours a day and 7 days a week as a regional poison information center for 1993-2011. Our activities continue as an institutional service on regular working hours on weekdays only since 2012. We aimed to evaluate service capacity of a regional poison and drug information center by analyzing data in 2014.

Methods: In this retrospective, descriptive, cross-sectional study, patients who consulted to the DEUDPIC during regular working hours on weekdays between January 01 and December 31 in 2014 were evaluated. All data were recorded in standard forms and then entered into a database program (Ruber). Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.

Results: In total, 118 patients consulted at DEUDPIC. The time interval between poison exposure and consultation to DEUDPIC was 16.79±3.62 hours. Intentional exposure was the most common reason of poisonings (66.9%), and there was a female predominance (p<0.05). Medications were the most frequent (88.9%) causes of poisoning. Nervous system medications were the most frequent agents (31.7%), and paracetamol was the most common ingestion. Recommended treatments included observation and supportive care procedures (56.3%) and decontamination methods (29.9%). There were two mortalities (1.6%) related to mushroom poisoning.

Conclusion: Our results do not show an important change of pattern for demographics and the causes of poisonings. Service on regular working hours resulted in a decrease in patient number, longer time interval between poison exposure and consultation, decrease in the recommended decontamination procedure, and increase in the proportion of severe cases. Keywords : Poison, poisoning, drug and poison information center